The de-standardisation of youth transitions has definitely not resulted in a reduction of social inequality, as some versions of the theory of individualisation have suggested.
New forms of social stratification, such as access to, or exclusion from knowledge seem to be linked to old inequalities (social origin, gender and ethnicity) and therefore could be regarded as reproductive mechanisms of social inequality. The nature of such inequalities may have changed and, as far as young adults are concerned, the specific youthful lifestyles and youth cultural aspects of identity may give social inequality a new appearance and on the surface may level it out. At the same time, youth transitions are still crucial for setting the course of social inequality and social mobility; this is underlined by empirical research that demonstrates the way education systems and transition systems in general function and play a decisive role in social mobility. (BS)
Blossfeld, Hans (2003) Globalization, social inequality and the role of country-specific institutions. Open research questions in a learning society. In P. Conceição, M. Heitor & B. Lundvall (eds.), Innovation, Competence Building and Social Cohesion in Europe Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Furlong, Andy & Cartmel, Fred (1997) Young people and social change: individualization and risk in late modernity. Buckingham: Open University Press.
OECD - Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) (2000 and 2004) Learning for Tomorrow's World: First results from PISA 2003. http://www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,2987,en_32252351_32235731_1_1_1_1_1,00.html [04.04.2005].
Schoon, I., Bynner, J., Joshi, H. et al. (2002) The influence of context, timing and duration of risk experiences for the passage from childhood to early adulthood. In: Child Development, 73, pp. 1486-1504.
Discuss this article on the forums. (0 posts)